Tropical Plant Research

Tropical Plant Research

An International Journal by Society for Tropical Plant Research

E-ISSN: 2349-1183 P-ISSN: 2349-9265
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2016, VOLUME 3 ISSUE 1Pages: 230-242

Floristic diversities and medicinal importance of selected sacred groves in Thrissur district, Kerala

Deepa MR*, Sheema Dharmapal P. and P. S. Udayan
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Abstract:
Sacred groves are forest fragments of varying sizes, existing outside conventional forest areas in and around human inhabitation. It acts as safe sites for reproduction of variety of floral and faunal resources.An exploratory survey of different sacred groves of Thrissur District (10.52° N to 76.21° E), namely Adipparambukavu, Daivathinkavu, Kanisherykavu, Kottaichalippattukavu and Kottarathkavulead to the collection of 119 species coming under 104 genera and 51 families, representing 08vulnerable, 12 endemic and 03 near threatened species. It includes 17.64% herbs, 19.33% shrubs, 41.18% trees and 21.85% climbers. Maximum diversity is present in Kanisherykavu (57 plant species and 36 families) and minimum diversity is present in Adipparambukavu (27 plant species belonging to 18 families). Fabaceae and Moraceae were the dominant families present in these sacred groves. Among these Kottarathkavu is well protected and is under the observation of Kerala Forest Department. It also harbours several valuable and medicinal plants beneficial for mankind. These groves serve as seed banks for future afforestation and can further help in education and research. Since sacred groves are gradually declining immediate attempts are needed to scientifically document and explore them to ensure their long term conservation.
Some important plant species with their plant part used as food present in sacred groves: A, Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.; B, Artocarpus hirsutus Lam.; C, Citrus medica L.; D, Cocos nucifera L.; E, Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott; F, Passiflora edulis Sims.

Fig.: Some important plant species with their plant part used as food present in sacred groves: A, Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.; B, Artocarpus hirsutus Lam.; C, Citrus medica L.; D, Cocos nucifera L.; E, Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott; F, Passiflora edulis Sims.


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