Tropical Plant Research

Tropical Plant Research

An International Journal by Society for Tropical Plant Research

E-ISSN: 2349-1183 P-ISSN: 2349-9265
Journal is inviting manuscripts for its coming issue. Contact us for more details.
2016, VOLUME 3 ISSUE 3Pages: 573-585

Floristic composition and biological spectrum of weeds in agro-climatic zone of Nalbari district, Assam, India

D. K. Bhattacharjya* and S. K. Sarma
Viewed: 303  -  Downloaded: 87
Abstract:
Present paper deals with the study of floristic composition and biological spectrum of the agro-climatic zone of Nalbari district of Assam. Field observation encompasses a total of 217 weed species from both angiosperms and pteridophytes belonging to 150 genera under 60 families. Asteraceae, being the largest family possesses 19 genera and 22 species. Out of the total species, 183 species (84.33 %) showed the annual life span as against 34 species (15.67 %) showing the perennial life span. One hundred thirty eight species (63.59 %) were recorded to be propagated by seeds/spores; 66 species (30.41 %) were found to opt for both seeds and vegetative propagules and only 13 species (5.99 %) were listed to be propagated exclusively by vegetative propagules. The phytoclimate of the agro-climatic zone can be regarded as thero-cryptophytic since major percentage of the species falls under the life forms Therophytes and Cryptophytes which has been assessed after comparison with the normal world spectrum as proposed by Raunkiaer.
A, Acalypha indica; B, Ageratum conyzoides; C, Alternanthera sessilis; D, Amaranthus spinosus; E, Amaranthus viridis; F, Andropogon ascinoidis; G, Cassia tora; H, Commelina benghalensis; I, Cyanotis axillaris; J, Cyperus bulbosus; K, Cyperus iria; L, Echinochloa colonum; M, Eclipta alba; N, Eichhornia crassipes; O, Eleusine indica; P, Eragrostis viscosa; Q, Euphorbia hirta; R, Evolvulus nummularis; S, Ipomea aquatica; T, Leucas plukenetii; U, Ludwigia octavalvis; V, Mikania micrantha; W, Mimosa pudica; X, Oldenlandia diffusa; Y, Persicaria hydropiper; Z, Ricinus communis; Aa, Scoperia dulcis; Ab, Urena lobata.

Fig.: A, Acalypha indica; B, Ageratum conyzoides; C, Alternanthera sessilis; D, Amaranthus spinosus; E, Amaranthus viridis; F, Andropogon ascinoidis; G, Cassia tora; H, Commelina benghalensis; I, Cyanotis axillaris; J, Cyperus bulbosus; K, Cyperus iria; L, Echinochloa colonum; M, Eclipta alba; N, Eichhornia crassipes; O, Eleusine indica; P, Eragrostis viscosa; Q, Euphorbia hirta; R, Evolvulus nummularis; S, Ipomea aquatica; T, Leucas plukenetii; U, Ludwigia octavalvis; V, Mikania micrantha; W, Mimosa pudica; X, Oldenlandia diffusa; Y, Persicaria hydropiper; Z, Ricinus communis; Aa, Scoperia dulcis; Ab, Urena lobata.


00175320