Abstract: Assam, a state in Northeast India holds and supports a high percentage of tribal population, highly distinguished in terms of ethno-lingual physiognomies as well as livelihood status in their habitats. The Mishing people or Misíng, also called Miri, is a major ethnic tribal community inhabiting in the Sonitpur district of Assam and the second largest tribal group in Northeast India. The livelihoods of Mishing community are closely associated with several plant species. The present study was carried out in the Sonitpur district of Assam, India to trace out the role of dicot angiosperm in the livelihood pattern of Mishing community living in the area. Through a series of extensive survey a total number of ethnobotanically important dicot plant species under 64 genera and 45 families were recorded. 48 dicot plant species were exclusively used for medicinal purposes and 25 dicot plant species were found to be marketed for different purposes as NTFPs. The uses and marketing of different Non Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) were also recorded to determine their economic reliance. While, 11 species of dicot angiosperm were recorded that are used for the preparation of Rogjin Apong, an ethnic alcoholic rice bear.
Fig.: Contribution of medicinal plants used for treatments of certain human health ailments.