2017, VOLUME 4 ISSUE 1Pages: 20-30
Taxonomical and phytosociological studies on Chithalikavu- A sacred grove, Thrissur district, Kerala
Deepa M. R.*, P. S. Udayan and Anilkumar K. A.
*P.G. and Research Department of Botany, Sree Krishna College, Guruvayur, Ariyannur, Thrissur-680102, Kerala, India
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Groves contains natural forest and also rich in biodiversity. They are protected by local communities because of their deities linked with these forest patches. The present study was conducted in Chithalikavu, a sacred grove of Thrissur district to know the plant diversity and their structural parameters. Floristic composition of Chithalikavu sacred grove revealed that the occurrence of 57 species of angiosperms belonged to 54 genus and 35 families. Among them 29.82% trees, 24.56% shrubs, 15.79% herbs and 29.83% climbers. The parameters like frequency, relative frequency, density, relative density and importance value index were estimated by using standard procedures. Strychnos nux-vomica was recorded as the most dominant species in the community as it constituted highest IVI. Other dominant species of the community were Ficus benghalensis and Terminalia paniculata. The highest basal area was reported in Ficus benghalensis.