2017, VOLUME 4 ISSUE 1Pages: 115-125
Evaluation of land-use land-cover change with changing climatic parameters of a watershed of Madhya Pradesh, India
Remote Sensing and GIS Lab, Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramoday Vishwavidyalaya Chitrakoot, Satna, Madhya Pradesh, India
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In this present study an attempt has been made to determine trend of climatic parameters (precipitation and temperature) as well as LULCC for the watershed located near the Achanakmar-Amarkantak biosphere reserve of Central India. For analyzing trends of LULCC, Remote Sensing technique is used and Landsat satellite data of five different years (1990, 2000, 2005, 2011, and 2013) are procured and eight LULC classes such as settlement, river, water bodies, high dense vegetation, low dense vegetation, fallow land, open land and agriculture are identified. The trend analysis carried out over the LULCC data which shows that the high dense vegetation and agricultural lands are decreasing while settlement, fallow land and low dense vegetation lands are increasing. Simultaneously, when both parametric and nonparametric methods of trend analysis are applied over the annual precipitation and temperature (maximum, mean and minimum) data for the period of 1981 to 2011, significant (p-value < 0.05) decreasing and increasing trends are observed, respectively. Although, the present study does not include an establishment of an empirical relationship of LULCC and climate change, result of this study is a strong indicator of decreasing high dense vegetation having local impacts of decreasing rainfall and vice-versa.