Tropical Plant Research

Tropical Plant Research

An International Journal by Society for Tropical Plant Research

ISSN (E): 2349-1183 ISSN (P): 2349-9265
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2019, VOLUME 6 ISSUE 3Pages: 462-466

Study of rhizospheric soil mycoflora of Cajanus cajan L. Millisp. in Halol taluka of Gujarat, India

Ravinayak Patlavath, Snehaben Ashokkumar Patel and Susy Albert*
*Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, India
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Abstract:
The rhizospheric fungi are predominantly in close association with plants and essentially are important for plant well-being. Characterization of soil mycoflora for a crop will help in the improvement of agricultural techniques. In the present investigation six genus of fungi were isolated from the soil near root region of Cajanus cajan grown in agricultural fields of Halol taluka. In order to identify the fungi specific to the rhizospheric region a comparative study was conducted with the non-rhizospheric mycoflora. There was only 22% similarity in mycoflora between the two soil type which was predominantly due to the organic matter decomposers belonging to Aspergillus genera. The most common soil fungi identified were organic matter decomposers and a few phytopathogenic fungi such as Curvularia and Fusarium. The Shannon-Wiener diversity index obtained for the rhizospheric sample is 0.3, indicating high fungal diversity in this soil.Overall, our study revealed that all the mycoflora identified from the C. cajan rhizospheric soil from agricultural field in Halol area is rich in fungal diversity and it is different from the non-rhizospheric soil.
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