Tropical Plant Research

Tropical Plant Research

An International Journal by Society for Tropical Plant Research

ISSN (E): 2349-1183 ISSN (P): 2349-9265
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2018, VOLUME 5 ISSUE 1Pages: 01-07

Methylation status of ACCase promoter affects seed vigor-viability trait in Oryza sativa L.

Subhabrata Ghosh and Swati Sen-Mandi*
*Division of Plant Biology, Bose Institute, Kolkata-700009, West Bengal, India
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Abstract:
Rice (Oryza sativa L.) varieties exhibiting phenotypic features of high/low seed vigorviability were used to explore genetic controls associated with a varietal difference in seed vigor and viability traits. Since germination rate i.e. vigor is a reflection of the onset of metabolic activity of a hitherto quiescent embryo and seed viability reflects cell molecular events controlling macromolecular damage/protection in post-harvest (dry) quiescent embryo, expression of a housekeeping gene viz. Acetyl CoA Carboxylase (ACCase), that through its dual role controls lipid biosynthesis for germination and flavonoid biosynthesis for macromolecular protection during post-harvest aging, was studied. Our data revealed variation in ACCase gene expression among high and low vigor-viability varieties although Southern blot analysis demonstrated single copy of this gene in all the varieties regardless of their vigor-viability status. Methylation Sensitive Restriction Enzyme assay revealed methylation in CpG island of ACCase promoter in the phenotypically designated low vigor-viability varieties confirming that low seed vigor in rice varieties is due to low expression of ACCase gene brought about by its promoter methylation. Since promoter methylation is transferable through breeding lines this study opens up an opportunity for introgressing high seed vigor-viability trait into otherwise desirable varieties. Keywords: Oryza sativa - Seed vigor-viability - Acetyl CoA Carboxylase - Gene copy number - Gene expression - Promoter methylation.
ACCase promoter methylation study showing a 250 bp band in low vigour-viable varieties (R1, R2, R5, R8, R10, R11, R14, R15) whereas complete absence of that band in high vigour-viable varieties (R3, R4, R6, R7, R9, R12, R15, R16). M- 50bp ladder.

Fig.: ACCase promoter methylation study showing a 250 bp band in low vigour-viable varieties (R1, R2, R5, R8, R10, R11, R14, R15) whereas complete absence of that band in high vigour-viable varieties (R3, R4, R6, R7, R9, R12, R15, R16). M- 50bp ladder.


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