2021, VOLUME 8 ISSUE 1Pages: 63-70
Diversity and distribution of bryophytes in different microclimatic conditions of Mount Panchase, Central Nepal
Sushila Sharma, Menuka Paudel, Deepak Raj Pant, Biva Aryal and Giri Prasad Joshi*
*Central Department of Botany, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal
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Mount Panchase, situated at the bordering areas of three districts i.e. Syangja, Kaski, and Parbat in Central Nepal, is considered to be one of the biodiversity hotspot. The present study aimed to explore the diversity and distribution of bryophytes in different microclimatic conditions of Mount Panchase. Bryophytes were collected from all habitats (soil, rock and plant bark) following the standard protocol. Altogether 62 species belonging to 30 families and 44 genera were recorded from the elevational range 1,648 m to 2,517 m above mean sea level. Among the classes, Bryopsida was found largest with 36 species followed by Marchantiopsida (10 species), Jungermanniopsida (10 species), Polytrichopsida (4 species) and Anthocerotopsida (2 species). Among the three habitats maximum bryophytes were collected from soil. Similarly, different microclimatic conditions contributed by south (dry) and north-facing slopes (moist) and hilltop (mixed type) provide unique pattern of bryophyte distribution. Altogether, 32 species were recorded from the north-facing slope and 24 species from the south-facing slope, this number included 13 common species from both slopes. Additionally, 19 bryophyte species collected from the hilltop (2,517 m) were unique as they were absent in both slopes.