Tropical Plant Research

Tropical Plant Research

An International Journal by Society for Tropical Plant Research

ISSN (E): 2349-1183 ISSN (P): 2349-9265
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2023, VOLUME 10 ISSUE 1Pages: 1-10

First report of diversity of Cyanoprokaryotes and Algae from aero-terrestrial biofilms on Roxburgh building of Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden, Howrah, West Bengal, India

Pratibha Gupta
Central Botanical Laboratory, Botanical Survey of India, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India, Botanic Garden, Howrah, West Bengal, India
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Abstract:
Roxburgh Building in Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden (AJCBIBG), Howrah is more than 200 years old. Dr. William Roxburgh, an important botanist, is a significant figure in the naturalhistoryof both Britain and India. Dr. William Roxburgh was appointed as the first salaried superintendent of the Garden in 1793. He laid the foundation of modern plant taxonomy (post Linnean) in India by establishing a large Herbarium (the present-day Central National Herbarium - CAL) during his tenure (1793–1814). Cyanoprokaryotes and algae develop on the building surfaces which may form more complex consortia i.e. biofilms. The investigations of the microorganisms on the surface of Roxburgh Building have shown that microorganisms thrive, particularly Cyanoprokaryotes, Algae, etc. that form biofilms and crusts on the surfaces. During study altogether 16 species of different classes of Cyanoprokaryotes and algae viz. Cyanoprokaryota/Cyanobacteria, Ulvophyceae, Conjugatophyceae, Phaeothamniophyceae and Bacillariophyceae have been recorded. Out of sixteen species of Cyanoprokaryotes and algae, 02 species of Cyanoprokaryotes have been reported as new to the science of India. This is the first study report on the diversity of Cyanoprokaryotes and algae from Roxburgh Building of AJCBIBG.
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